In the bright world of interests among the various karate, skateboarding, street art entertainment authentic Ukrainian difficult prostupitisya. Among them are our folk dances. No, the choreography is now in vogue. Ask any school girl – and she says that is engaged either in hip-hop, or Contempo, or jazz-funk. It is stylish, trendy and have someone to be: darlings of the dance talent show – like mushrooms after the rain. But why is no cult folk dance? Are our local choreography is nothing to surprise?
Gopat – not peregopat
If you, the readers, to ask what folk dancing you know, the first thing you remember is undoubtedly gopak. Єtot dance, became a legend in Ukraine as well as in Spain – Flamenco in Hungary – Czardas, and in the Czech Republic – a polka. Earlier gopak performed only by men, which is not surprising: the dance originated among the Cossacks. Women at the camp was not, so it was a great way to have fun, and, in addition, to practice before the fight.
This confirms the legend of a French traveler who, having got to the Sich was very impressed with the Cossacks during the day and at the same time practicing singing, and their dynamic movements had much in common with the dance steps. It is not surprising that the elements of modern gopaka – is long jump, attacking kicks and hands, virtuoso turns and the loud cry. Actually, exclaiming “ho” and is the name of the dance, as well as the verb “Gopala” (stomp) and “Gopkalo” (jump). Over time gopak constantly changing: first it was a male competition for the title of the strongest, later, when you joined a girl – the confrontation between the male and female coquetry courage … The leading role, however, was left to the men. But are we, Ukrainians, against? Give free rein to the Cossack – it means to be happy for him.
Who is a man, he let’s go dancing!
A kind of dedication to a man called Hutsul Dance “lasso” (in some regions – “orc”, “Argon”). Twenty-year guy, passing ancient highland ritual, had a right to participate in dancing, wearing Bartko (Old World with a blunt ax hammer) and tightened with a wide belt. So he was accepted into their circle opryshkov – Rebels in western Ukraine. It was at a dance men guerrillas showed their strength, desperation and team spirit, which is reflected in the contemporary choreographic process. Guys putting their hands on each other’s shoulders in a circle and start a movement in which step-by-step twist in unrestrained dance. Artists lasso carefully listen to the cries of the leader – and dance slowly subsides, the rhythm slows down, while again not sound “Father stood up!” – And the dancers again straightened his shoulders, to embark on a whirlwind speed.
In the lasso, like all folk dances, each movement is hiding some merit. These secret signs explain the features of the Highland culture grandparents, and maybe even the Romanians, who also contributed to the development of a lasso. It is known that the word “noose” – Latin origin (arcanus – “secret, silent”), and a similar melody of this dance can be heard even among the Celts … Here’s what a source of knowledge is a folk dance.
If you dream you danced the groom, be careful and take care of his authority, says dictionary interpretations of dreams. If the groom dancing in fact – the reputation of a skilled dancer You are guaranteed. After all, this is usually a solo dance, and all of the viewer’s attention is focused on a few people, or even one. Unlike gopaka, where the main role – the men in Cossack “manage” the girl. Agility, lightness in every movement and playfulness in every look – it’s Cossack.
Name of the dance is, obviously, from the familiar to us the word “Cossack”. Its reduced form – “groom” – the boy who was serving a wealthy gentleman, Cossack. Another version of the origin of the word is associated with the emergence at the end of XVI – early XVII century den – Ukrainian puppet theater. In the second part of the presentation vertepnogo main character was a Cossack, who played well on the bandura and carefree dancing “Cossack.” A similar dance can be found in the Russian version, and in the Kuban, and its melody in the XVIII century. was popular even in the French ballets. Ukrainian Cossack equate to GOPAC, but the first does not have as many tricks for men, and despite the frenzied speed of the accompanying music, it is more lyrical and feminine.
“Oh, Shigi-rigi-dai shigi-rigi-dana”
The words of “Kolomyyky” Ruslana is probably familiar to all. Generally Kolomyjka – a synthetic genre of the western Ukrainian folk art, which gives the name and song and dance, and instrumental play. Very often these Kolomyjka combined in a single unit: the choir – singing, orchestra – plays and the dancers run at the behest of Terpsichore. Dance Kolomyjka rich in strong and energetic dance moves, which in addition to the colorful costumes, dance merge in an incredible figure.
It is not known exactly when Kolomyjka emerged as a genre, but its name suggests, comes from the town of Coloma Ivano-Frankivsk region. There is also a version that the name of the dance was born through the main figure in the Hutsul dance – the circle. Kolomyjka loved Ukrainians and Poles. It was also popular in Slovenia in the north-east of the country where it was known as a dance kalamajka.
Zakabluk dashing ladies … “- promised the girls from popular folklore-ethnographic ensemble” Spring song “Run another Ukrainian dance -” tropak. “
Close to GOPAC, he XVIII – XIX centuries, was very popular in the Ukrainian lands. However, to explain the “caddis fly,” in a modern national life tropak not preserved. Ancient traditions are reflected in the title of a dance movement: the word “tropak” comes from the ancient “tropane” that is, stamp their feet. Managers “Vesnyankas” that folk material found on tropake in Kyiv and Poltava regions, it was possible to restore this ancient dance together with authentic costumes. So now you can enjoy this playful dance, learn from it a powerful emotional force. And even better – by the strike tropaka as Didonina sister Anna Kotlyarevskogo from the poem “Aeneid”:
Here tantsyuvala vikrutasom,
I. before Eneєm vihilyasom,
Pid tune beat tropaka.
By the way, tropaka may be of French origin: in Paris “trop pas” is translated as “too many steps.” But be that as it may, it is more in Ukrainian: lively and expressive movement, bravura music Dnieper and breadth of mind.
The soul grew up
In the folk dance is not meaningless movements and false feelings. For each bend, twists and turns is alive Ukrainian history. Each dance – and cheerful, and sadness – it is energy, it is a source of power, which grows the soul … Comments:
The strength of the folk dances and their place in the development of national culture told the dancers and artistic director of the national folklore-ethnographic ensemble “Spring song” Nerodenko Vladimir of Kiev National Taras Shevchenko University of Yaroslava Nerodenko.
- What place in modern culture occupy folk dancing? And what is their role in the spiritual development of Ukrainian society?
YN: To date, unfortunately, no. This is probably due to the powerful propaganda of Western art, modern dance. Folk art is secondary, due attention is not paid to him. Although the last five years, many activists, particularly in the “Mamayeva Sloboda”, the museum Pyrohiv tried to restore the people’s customs, but has not yet appeared nationwide program that would have all of this support. Not surprisingly, most of the parents, the majority of children’s institutions are addicted to modern dance, especially in ballroom. Parents want to see their children on stage in beautiful costumes, and absolutely no interest in what they are doing in terms of choreography and professionalism. This applies not only to children’s groups, but also ensembles at universities. “Spring song” – the only student body in Kiev, which protects it folk dance, singing, and justifies the title of national folklore-ethnographic ensemble.
- There is a stereotype that engage in folk dancing is not fashionable and prestigious. How did attract people to folk dance?
YN: You know, it depends on the family. If a family lullabies parents know if they are taught to children from childhood that popular – it’s wonderful that he should participate in this kind of art, that child will love him, and will promote him to worry. But if the child grew up watching television, constantly revising mindless cartoons and, in addition, did not see anything and did not know then, respectively, and the society does not teach him this, except that he accidentally gets into the proper cultural center.
- What are the features of Ukrainian folk dance in comparison with the art of other countries?
YN: Apparently, it’s a kind of humor, original ratio of men to women. We have many dance the leading role belongs to the woman, as opposed to, for example, Georgian, which is always stronger than a man. This is due to the fact that Ukraine has long been distributed matriarchy. Features of Ukrainian dance and that they were not created for the sake of art, but primarily for communication and reporting of certain thoughts to others. Today it is very lacking in our society. The desire to communicate with someone, help each other, to go to open contact if somewhere disappeared. Everyone is too busy with their chores, always somewhere in a hurry. People have access to global information, but have lost the meaning of communication.
Kateryna Bilous, 17 years old, high school graduate, “Fortune”, dancing with 5 years: “These dances are carried through the years, centuries, there is something special that is breathtaking. I come to rehearsals after heavy everyday, but do not feel tired, but, on the contrary, more filled with energy. There is a desire to give all the best at 100, especially with a team like ours. “
Valerii Bukhanko, 21 years old, a student of chemical. Faculty of the KNU. Shevchenko, 1.5, engaged in traditional dances: “Classes folk dancing – it’s not just dancing and jumping. It is important the meaning of each movement. For example, a lasso to keep a hand that because so obscured by the sun. It has developed over the centuries, it is our history. “
Liudmyla Serdiuk, student mech-mat. Faculty of the KNU. Shevchenko, 5th year, 12 years in the dance: “The main thing – to love what zaymaeshsya. Most people who support the stereotype prestige of folk dances, never danced. For me – it’s art and sport at the same time, the respect for ancient traditions and, most importantly, friendly staff. “
Taras Savchuk, 24 years, synthetic chemists, dancing over 5 years: “Folk dance cause you to echo Ukrainian soul, they can not forget. Dancing, because they accelerate the pace of life, bring lots of fun and help keep yourself in shape. “
Kateryna Koval, 21, a student geologist. Faculty of the KNU. Shevchenko dance experience – about 1 year: “Folk dance – is a symbol of unconditional identity of the Ukrainian people. Please note that not every country can make that claim (for example, all the vaunted United States). We have this as a memory, a historical relic, and this can not simply go out of fashion or be non-prestigious. To say this – the same as “embroidery out of fashion” – is nonsense. “