28.08.2012 - Подорожі

Valencia – a city of art, science, football and citrus

If the Spanish city of Valencia was a man, the courageous confident girl. Explain this strange association can etymology of the word: comes from the Roman “Valentia”, meaning “brave.” However, in this tourist town is primarily associated not with the events of militant past, and the town of arts and sciences, citrus and eponymous football club.

Recently holiday in Spain become very popular. Each race respected travel company will offer you a supposedly lucrative tours. “The popularity of Spain is growing every year more and more among our visitors. We offer them a huge selection of countries where you can relax, whether winter or summer, beach or sightseeing holiday they choose. But lately, the choice falls on the Ukrainian Spain of great advantage to other countries”, – says Svetlana Maltsevа, agent travel company” Sky Line Tour “.You can visit and Madrid, and Barcelona, and the Canary Islands … We would like to slightly change your round and offer at least mentally make a trip to Valencia. Prepare for? We will be very interesting route that starts from the excursion into the past. Prepared? Then drive on to the second century. BC. e!

Tales of historical true story

Thus, 137 BC. BC That’s when the Romans founded the city in which by then housed isolated settlements of the Greeks and Carthaginians. It turns out that not only Carthage had to be destroyed: in the first century. BC. BC luzytany captured territory and actually wiped out the settlement was founded. Once everything has become silent, the Roman consul Brutus rebuilt Detsym a young city and called its Valencia. However, the greatest prosperity it gained during the reign of Emperor Augustus. This was due to cultural progress and a good location for trade route Via Sucronense.

Subsequently, the fate of Valencia fell another test: the 413, she was captured by the Visigoths. From the Roman rule had to say goodbye.

But this event did not have such serious consequences as 714 by this time, the city won the Moors. Valencia has become a part of Cordoba Caliphate.We, as a hardened travelers in the past, we can note how varied Valencia.For almost 500 years history Moorish domination the city not only became the capital of the kingdom, which was formed by the collapse of the Caliphate, but also turned into a developed cultural and commercial center with a network of irrigation canals, fortified walls and wonderful architecture.

But you can not follow what is happening long side. It is too dynamic to claim at least a primitive sustainability. Therefore, in 1094 ended the reign of the Moors and replaced Muslim influence came the Christian spirit. Changing power, changed tradition, changed the city. During the rule of the legendary Sid to 1096 in the mosque there is none: their or destroyed, or altered in other churches. Instead Sid throne was his wife Himena who could not hold the power (we will not sow hatred, gender stereotypes) and had to leave town Moors. Christians could not stand such historic injustices and to retreat burned Valencia. But he revived. Arose, phoenix like, from the ashes.

The next date that we can not miss during our historical journey – 1022 This is not just the beginning of the next era of Muslim domination, but also the starting point of peaceful coexistence between Christians, Muslims and Jews.

The share of “brave” of fallen than one trial and by fire and sword. I feel that destiny from time to time throwing a coin to make a choice: pass Valencia in the hands of Christians or Muslims. But in 1238 the city finally moved to the first. This was the starting point of the history of the Kingdom of Valencia. In addition, the period begins active church building.

The next historical milestones came in XV-XVI centuries. Associated with formation of Valencia as one of the most powerful trading centers. Silk, textiles, ceramics – each chose to taste. Such financial prosperity contributed to First City Bank in 1407.

As for cultural development, it is embodied primarily in the then architecture, which will be discussed later. Establishment of the status of Valencia as a powerful city also contributed to bringing in 1437 the Holy Grail – the cup from which the apostles received the Last Supper and on which was later collected the blood of Jesus crucified. Given all these developments, it seems that the city came cultural spring, all great.

But unsaved laws alternation of bands on the road of life to dictate their own in their heyday came after fall-related events in 1609 – the expulsion of the Moors from Spain baptized. Problems Valencia lay in the fact that the latter were one-third of the population of the city and were the basis of labor.

Another dark stripe came in fight of the Spanish crown. Valencia lost its independence and was almost lost language.

It’s not all: the next challenge was the short French domination (until mid 1813).

Then there were periods of economic recovery and transformation of Valencia in fact the capital of Spain during the Civil War …

Sun and Sea – bait for tourists number 1

Today the city – one of the most beautiful tourist centers in fishing rod often peck tourists. What serves as bait? First of all, great climate, sea, mountains … And do not miss the value of Valencia is a cultural center, as an echo of the heroic past reveals itself: numerous architectural monuments, museums, exciting history … more pause before the fly for tourists.

So the first way to catch the tourist fishing rod – a great climate. The average annual temperature is +17 ºC, the sun shines an average of seven o’clock on the day – what is paradise? And if we add what a great Valencia for a year – fall and spring warm and sunny, hot summer and you can relax on the beach, sunny in winter and not very cold – then think this is really something like unearthly beautiful world … Even most demanding tourist will find time just for yourself.

If you dream of a fabulous vacation to the sea, beach, tanning, then choose a summer with temperatures of +19 ºC to +29 ºC. Unforgettable impression gentle sun, walks warm evenings you are guaranteed! Can this just add a special taste and Valencian cuisine – paella (the national dish of rice, saffron tinted with olive oil) and orchata (traditional drink with almonds and milk).

If you put yourself on target to meet first with the sights, the spring and autumn – the optimum time for this. Temperatures of from about +10 ºC to +20 ºC. Your tour will accompany sweet orange orchards, which is famous for Valencia.

And in winter you will not stay here sit back! Moderate temperatures with values from +6 º C to +15 º C will give you the opportunity to enjoy the warm winter sun and play golf on the nearby fields.

If you have caught our net, we turn to the second plan. :)

Drive tours dances, or attractions as bait number 2

For those who have not yet completely understood, we repeat, you are in paradise, gentlemen. Or still just read “The Divine Comedy” in a new way. Virgil as a guide who does not guarantee, but the nine circles of heaven easily! So, Ready, Set, nobody move!

Circle the first “town of science and art.” Card consists of three buildings. The first of them – a theater where the shows are documentaries and popular science films. The building is painted white, and near – very wide mirror pond.

The next building, research, looks like a high white building surrounded by a mirror has two rates. Here is an exhibition of museum and cultural exhibits, which occupies two floors.

The third group is dedicated to the aquarium. In the best live tropical and Mediterranean fish. Tell about it more in the next circle.

Second Circle “Aquarium” Okeanografik. ‘” Is the largest in Europe. Here live nearly all representatives of the main ecosystems – it whales, sharks, penguins, sea lions, walruses and more. Watching these wonders, you can go to the gift shop or restaurant (depending on the mood).

Circle the third “Museum of Natural Sciences.” If you come to Valencia with children, it is not MKO opportunity to visit this fascinating corner. Skeletons of dinosaurs, ancient fossils, study the origin of the Earth – that is what you see and hear in this place.

Circle the fourth “Cathedral.” This architectural monument back to the excursion into the past. Cathedral was built on the site of the former mosque and consecrated in 1238 renowned primarily because there remains one of the most famous relics of Christianity, which we have mentioned. This sacred cup from which the communion of the Apostles, Jesus Christ at the Last Supper.

Council as an architectural monument is also interesting because it combines features of Romanesque, Gothic, neoclassical elements and details that are typical of Baroque.

About five “North Station”. We are interested primarily not as station, but as a monument to the Art Nouveau style, built in 1906-1917, in the city center. Wealth adds facade, decorated with three towers, superb mosaics and ceramics and decorated with wood, glass and metal.

Terms of the sixth “Area Plaza de la Virhen.” If your friends brought you some souvenirs from Valencia, it is probably these common cards with images of the area. This city, where tightly tied knot of history, where the three buildings is very important for local residents. This cathedral and basilica Virhen de Los Dezamparados – one of the first Baroque buildings of Spain, and the Palau de Heneralitat – seat of government of the Autonomous Okrug Valencia.

Seventh circle “Palace of Art named after Queen Sophia.“ Despite his youth (was built only in 2005), considered one of the most famous in the world and is an example of modern art. It is part of the Village of Arts and Sciences and has three rooms, where concerts of symphonic orchestras, opera and ballet performances.

Circle the eighth “Museum” hemisphere “.“ A work of talented Spanish designer Santiago Calatrava, opened in 1988, shaped like eyes. It symbolizes knowledge and wisdom. The design of the building is dominated by aluminium. There are a lot of arches, vaults and stairs that have successfully combined with transparent glass panels. The entire complex looks very futuristic museum.

Terms of the ninth “National Museum of Ceramics.“ It is located in the building of the XVIII century – Palacio del Marquez de Dos Aguas. Since 1947, this museum is located, which is the best collection of ceramic products in Spain – more than 5000 copies of the traditional pottery of Valencia and its district of Teruel tiles, faience from Toledo and Seville, Greek, Roman and Arab products, Chinese and Japanese porcelain and modern works Mariana Benlyure and Picasso. Especially proud locals fully equipped kitchen Valencia early nineteenth century., Decorated with ceramic tiles.

You can tell for a long time on this paradise town, rich history that breathes upon us with architectural monuments, numerous museums, cozy cafes, citrus groves, hot sun, sea shores. You can repeat about the famous people of the city and football club, “Valencia”. But agree, much better to see it for yourself …

Victoriia Kravchuk